Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 30

FORMULATIONS
Skidmore said. " It's important for developers to understand
the benefits or disadvantages of a specific color solution
before implementing it in application. Sometimes a better beet
(or carrot or radish) is just around the corner, and sometimes
there's an even better botanical natural color option waiting
for you. "
NAVIGATING NEUTRALS
In the world of food color, blacks, browns and whites are
strange. There are no approved certified options in the US. And
at the same time, these colors are not associated with any plants.
Formulators looking to add black or brown hues have
typically relied on caramel colors. These are produced
through the controlled heat treatment or cooking of
carbohydrates, a process known as caramelization.
" Caramel color is stable, like an FD&C color, but with
a more consumer-friendly label, " Tchang said. " Because of
their stability, caramel colors are extremely cost efficient
when reviewing cost impact over the course of the
finished product. "
Caramel colors come in various shades, everything from
light yellow to dark brown. They are available in liquid and
powdered formats.
The color " white " is one of the most complex in the
world of food colorants. Titanium dioxide has long been a
formulator's go-to bright white and opacity ingredient. In the
US, the FDA recognizes it as a GRAS (generally recognized as
safe) ingredient at levels of no more than 1% of the food by
weight. It is also exempt from certification, which suggests
it's a natural color. It's been in and out of the human safety
conversation since the European Food Safety Authority
banned its use as a food additive in the EU in 2021. California
was considering banning the sale and manufacture of foods
containing titanium dioxide this past year.
Titanium dioxide is made from titanium, which is classified
as a transition metal on the periodic table and interacts with
oxygen to form titanium oxides.
In the US, titanium dioxide may not be used in foods with
a standard of identity unless it is included in the standard.
The standard for mozzarella cheese, for example, states that
30 JAN-FEB 2024 | DAIRYPROCESSING.COM
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Dairy Processing - January/February 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Dairy Processing - January/February 2024

Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - Intro
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - FCa
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - FCb
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 1
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 2
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 3
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 4
Dairy Processing - January/February 2024 - 5
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